HEART BEAT MONITORING-Electronics Engineering Project

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Abstract

This paper describes the design of a simple, low-cost microcontroller based heart rate measuring device with LCD output. Heart rate of the subject is measured from the finger using sensors and the rate is then averaged and displayed on a text based LCD.

The LCD of the heart beat monitor shows the beat per minute.The sensor part consists of sensing elements,LDR(light dependent resistor) and LED(light emitting diode),a comparator module,a low pass filter.Heart beat is sensed by the sensing elements and the comparator produces an amplified square wave output.The comparator output is given to a low pass filter and the filter output is fed to one of the digital inputs of PIC 16F877a type micro controller. The micro controller output ports drives the LCD.

HEART BEAT MONITORING SYSTEM

This paper describes the design of a very low-cost device which measures the heart rate of the subject by clipping sensors on one of the fingers and then displaying the result on a text based LCD. Advantage of such a design is that it can be expanded and can easily be connected to a recording device or a PC to collect and analyse the data for over a period of time.

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JJ

This is Mr.Jose John, 21 yrs old guy, currently pursuing final year mechanical engineering, now become an enthusiastic blogger and a successful entrepreneur.
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PREPAID ELECTRICITY BILLING SYSTEM USING GSM

ABSTRACT

The short message system (SMS) of a standard mobile phone can be used for much more than just exchanging cryptic message. This application finds a humble mobile working for controlling external equipments. The SMS service provides by the service providers are comparatively low cost. Hence the system is highly efficient and low-cost.

Mobile phones have become a widespread means of communication. It becomes a part of everyday life with ever more people enjoying the service and extra freedom they provide. It works on the basis of Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM). A subscriber from any systems can access telecommunication services by using a Subscriber Identify Module (SIM) card in a handset suitable for the network on the visited system The Short Message Service allows text messages to be sent and received to and from mobile telephones.

The text can comprise words or numbers or an alphanumeric combination. Because Simple person – to – person messaging is such an important component of total SMS traffic volumes, anything that simplifies message generation as well as extended utility of the SMS being sent is an important enabler of Short Message Service.

We will connect hardware kit i.e. GSM modem and microcontroller to the energy meter. The main aim of this project is whenever u r recharging with some amount say example Rs.100/- by doing SMS to the MODEM, the bulb gets automatically ON until your recharge gets zero. After getting your balance zero your device gets automatically switched OFF and you will get a message from the MODEM that you have to recharge your mobile and the process takes place continuously.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

PREPAID ELECTRICITY BILLING SYSTEM USING GSM

Hardware Used

  • AT command supporting GSM mobile phone.
  • 89c51 Microcontroller
  • Max 232 IC.
  • DB9 Connector
  • GSM Phone

Software Used

   1.    Keil u-Vision

Keil Software is used provide you with software development tools for 8051 based microcontrollers. With the Keil tools, you can generate embedded applications for virtually every 8051 derivative. The supported microcontrollers are listed in the µ-vision.

2.    PRO51 Programmer Software

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JJ

This is Mr.Jose John, 21 yrs old guy, currently pursuing final year mechanical engineering, now become an enthusiastic blogger and a successful entrepreneur.
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Full Report-REMOTE CONTROL BASED HOME APPLIANCES

CONTENTS

  1. INTRODUCTION
  2. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
  3. FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM                           
  4. CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
  5. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
  6. LIST OF COMPONENTS
  7. PCB LAYOUT
  8. PCB FABRICATION
  9. SOLDERING PRACTICE
  10. TESTING
  11. APPLICATIONS
  12. CONCLUSION
  13. DATA SHEETS
  14. REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION

Remote control for home appliances is an absolute necessity in our fast-paced life. As a result, much important has been given to this aspect and a range of remote controls are prevalent today. One of the most common is that which makes use of IR radiations at particular frequencies.

Our product is a Remote Operated Home Appliance or Remote controlled Home appliance. The circuit is connected to any of the home appliances (lamp, fan, radio, etc) to make the appliance turn on/off from a TV, VCD, VCR, Air Conditioner or DVD remote control. The circuit can be activated from up to 10 meters. It is very easy to build and can be assembled on a general-purpose PCB.

The circuit essentially consists of a transmitter consisting of a 555 IC, the receiver consisting of an IR module, CD4017 IC, LED’s to indicate the reception of the IR radiations, otherwise indicating the ON/OFF state, relay and other components.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

Model Description

Connect this circuit to any of your home appliances (lamp, fan, radio, etc) to make the appliance turn on/off from a TV, VCD or DVD remote control. The circuit can be activated from up to 10 meters. The 38 kHz infrared (IR) rays generated by the remote control are received by IR receiver module TSOP1738 of the circuit. Pin 1 of TSOP1738 is connected to ground, pin 2 is connected to the power supply through resistor R5 and the output is taken from pin 3. The output signal is amplified by transistor T1 (BC558). The amplified signal is fed to clock pin 14 of decade counter IC CD4017 (IC1). Pin 8 of IC1 is grounded, pin 16 is connected to Vcc and pin 3 is connected to LED1 (red), which glows to indicate that the appliance is ‘off.’

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

The product consists of a remote which is the transmitter of the IR radiations and the receiver which responds to the radiations and switches ON and OFF the appliance.

Circuit diagram

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JJ

This is Mr.Jose John, 21 yrs old guy, currently pursuing final year mechanical engineering, now become an enthusiastic blogger and a successful entrepreneur.
Connect with him on:

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ 

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